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Painful Swallowing

Painful swallowing is also called odynophagia. It is often described as any pain characterized by a squeezing, burning sensation that occurs anywhere between the neck and breastbone (sternum). Painful swallowing may be symptomatic of simple infections or a serious underlying medical disorder. Painful swallowing is often confused with difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), a sensation that food […]


Legionellosis caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium, occurs in two forms. The first one is a kind of pneumonia and is the serious type of the two. the second one is a less serious form known as Pontiac fever. During a convention of the American Legion in 1976, there was an outbreak of an unusual […]

Exercise-Induced Asthma

Exercised-induced asthma is asthma triggered by strenuous or extended physical exercise. Most people with chronic asthma are at greater risk for developing exercise-induced asthma. However, it is also possible for someone without chronic asthma to develop exercise-induced asthma. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs. Asthma attacks are usually triggered by […]

Sports Related Injuries

A lot of people participate in sports whether it is recreational or competitive are at high risk of acquiring sports related injuries. Recreational athletes tend to push themselves beyond the level of their physical conditioning and incur injuries as a result of extreme exertion and physical stress. On the other hand  professional athletes despite their […]

Preventing Joint Injuries

Joint injuries account for many sports-related injuries but it can also occur from everyday activities and to anyone, but can be managed by following PRICE. Joint injuries account for many sports-related injuries. Human joints allow people to move and perform daily activities. Joints are what allow humans to be motile. Because humans are motile throughout […]

High Altitude: Illnesses, First Aid Management and Sickness Prevention

Illnesses, First Aid Management and Sickness Prevention High altitude pertains to anything greater than 8,000 feet above sea level and because of the decreased oxygen molecules per breath, can lead to illnesses. High altitude refers to great heights above sea level. Altitude can be defined as High (8,000 – 12,000 feet [2,438 – 3,658 meters]), […]


Atelectasis is one of the conditions affecting the lower respiratory tract. Many disorders affecting such as atelectasis are serious and are oftentimes very life-threatening because it primarily affects oxygenation at the airway  level, but specifically the alveolar level which is the workhorse of the gas exchange process. Individuals suffering with lower respiratory tract disorders require […]

Cardiac Arrest – Essential First Aid Techniques That Can Save Lives

Cardiac arrest kills thousands of people each year. But did you know that providing proper first aid for cardiac arrest can help prevent these deaths and complications? Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency wherein the heart suddenly stops beating. It can happen anywhere, anytime, and to anyone (although some people are at higher risk). Certain medical […]

Acquiring Tetanuscan be Perilous

As of 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that there was an estimated 61, 000 deaths in less than five years. The case-fatality rate ranges from 10% to 90%, the highest rates found among infants and elderly. Each year, around one million cases occur worldwide, mostly in less developed countries. Tetanus is an infection […]